Agrobacterium Rhizogenes

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Rhizobium rhizogenes (formerly Agrobacterium rhizogenes ) is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that produces hairy root disease in dicotyledonous plants . R. rhizogenes induces the formation of proliferative multiple-branched adventitious roots at the site of infection, so-called 'hairy roots'. [2]

Agrobacterium is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria established by H. J. Conn that uses horizontal gene transfer to cause tumors in plants . Agrobacterium tumefaciens is the most commonly studied species in this genus. Agrobacterium is well known for its ability to transfer DNA between itself and plants, and for this reason it has become an important tool for genetic engineering .

(Corresponding author:  [email protected] ) Nester, E. 2008. Agrobacterium: The Natrual Genetic Engineer 100 Years Later. Online. APS net Features. doi: 10.1094/APSnetFeatures-2008-0608